Daily Tanach Wednesday Shmuel 1 Chapter 19-Part 2: Shaul tries to kill Dovid

* The article below is an excerpt from the above Sefer

1.      Shaul discovers that his daughter tricked him and helped Dovid escape:

  • The Terafim are discovered in Dovid’s bed: When Shaul then sent the emissaries to come bring Dovid, Michal told them that he is sick [and is bedridden]. So, Shaul sent the emissaries to see Dovid and bring him with his bed back to Shaul so he can kill him. The messengers came and recognized that Dovid was nowhere to be found, as there were Terafim in his bed, and a coat of goat skin over its head.
  • Shaul confronts his daughter: Shaul said to his daughter Michal: Why have you fooled me? Why have you sent away my enemy and allowed him to escape. Michal replied to Shaul [with a lie, in order to protect her own life from her father’s wrath[1]]: [You married me to a murderer[2] as] Dovid forced me to do so, as he [held a sword over my head[3] and] told me to send him away lest he will put me to death.

2.      Dovid runs away to Shmuel and they settle in Nayos:

  • Dovid fled and ran away to Shmuel in Rama and he told him all that Shaul had done to him.
  • He and Shmuel went and settled in Nayos [which was a Yeshiva for prophets[4] located within Rama[5]].

3.      Shaul sends messengers to Nayos to bring Dovid:

  • Shaul was then informed that Dovid was staying in Nayos, in Rama. So, Shaul sent messengers to Nayos to bring Dovid.
  • The messengers join the prophets: The messengers of Shaul arrived in Nayos and saw a group of prophets in a state of giving prophetic vision, with Shmuel standing at their head, orchestrating the prophetic experience. The spirit of G-d then dwelled upon the messengers of Shaul and they too joined the prophetic experience and began prophesizing.
  • A second and third set of messengers are sent and the same occurs: Shaul was informed of what happened with his first batch of messengers, so he sent forth a second group of messengers, and they too joined the prophecy. So, Shaul sent forth a third set of messengers, and they too joined the prophecy.
  • Shaul personally goes to Rama: Shaul went himself to Rama and arrived by a great pit in Shecho and asked as to the whereabouts of Shmuel and Dovid, and was told that they are in [the Yeshiva of] Nayos, which is in Rama. So Shaul arrived in Nayos, in Rama, and the spirit of G-d resided also on him, and he walked back and forth and prophesized until he arrived at Noyos in Rama. He also took off his clothing [of kingship and wore the clothing of the students[6]] and he too prophesized before Shmuel, and he fell [on his face[7]] naked [without his clothing of kingship[8], or like an insane person[9]] that entire day and all that night. They therefore say, “Is also Shaul amongst the prophets.”


[1] Mahariy Karo 19:17

[2] Rashi 19:17

[3] Rashi 19:17

[4] Rashi 17:19

[5] Metzudos Dovid 19:18

[6] Rashi 19:24

[7] Metzudos Dovid 19:24

[8] Metzudos Dovid 19:24

[9] Rashi 19:24

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