Daily Tanya 17th Nissan Chapter 41-The kavana of the morning blessings


(LY) 17th Nissan

1.     Saying the morning blessings, and learning Torah, with the mental willingness of Mesirus Nefesh:

·      Morning blessings: Now, [only] after preparing oneself with the above-mentioned form of Mesirus Nefesh to give one’s soul to G-d, one is to begin reciting the morning blessings, Baruch Ata Hashem.

·      Torah learning: As well, with this preparation, one is to begin his set Torah learning immediately after his prayers. Likewise, prior to commencing one’s Torah study in middle of the day, one requires at least this preparation. [We will now discuss how often the intent of Lishma is required during a Torah learning session.]

2.     The intent of Lishma is required prior to beginning the learning:

·      It is known that for a Beinoni, the main preparation of Torah study Lishma [which can invalidate the ability of one’s learning to be elevated above], is prior to one commencing his Torah session.

·      The law of Lishma by writing a Get and Torah scroll: This is derived from the law regarding a Get [i.e. bill of divorce] and Torah scroll, which must be written Lishma otherwise the Get/scroll is invalid, and the law is that it suffices to state at the commencement of the writing of the Torah scroll that he is writing it for the sake of the Kedusha of a Sefer Torah. Likewise, before commencing the writing of a Get it suffices to state that he is writing it for his and her sake [i.e. the husband and wife].

[We will now discuss what to do if one is learning Torah for many hours consecutively, and if one should stop intermittently in order to reinforce his Lishma intents.]

3.     Stopping to reinforce one’s Lishma intents every hour of one’s learning:

·      One who learns Torah for many consecutive hours is to stop and contemplate the above matter of Mesirus Nefesh each and every hour, at the very least.

·      Every hour there is a new Divine revelation: The reason for the hourly intervals is because every hour there is a new Divine flow from the upper worlds to enliven the lower worlds, while the Divine flow from the previous hour returns to its source.

·      This is considered the mystical concept of Ratzo Veshuv, mentioned in Sefer Yetzirah.

4.     Each hour, the Torah study and Mitzvos of the previous hour is elevated:

·      As stated above, each hour there is a new Divine flow into the lower worlds while the previous Divine flow returns above. The previous Divine flow does not return above alone, but rather takes with it the Torah learning, and good deeds [i.e. Mitzvah fulfillment] of the entire previous hour, which was performed by those who dwell in the lower world.

5.     The 24 combinations of the Divine names shine on an hourly shift:

·      A deeper understanding into the hourly changes of Divine flow can be understood through introducing the concept of the different combinations of Hashem’s name.

·      Adniy and Havayah: The Divine name of “Yud Kei Vav Kei” and “Adniy” each have [24 possible combinations of letters, as four letters can be recombined in 24 different ways[1], of which] twelve [of these] combinations shine to the lower worlds. Every hour one of the 12 combinations of the Divine name shines.

·      Havayah by day: During the day, one of the 12 combinations of the name Yud Kei Vav Kei shine every hour.

·      Adniy by night: At night, one of the 12 combinations of the name Adniy shine every hour.

[1] Footnote of Rebbe in lessons in Tanya

About The Author

Leave A Comment?

You must be logged in to post a comment.