- How many verses are in this week’s Parsha? 101
- What is the Haftorah of this week’s Parsha? Yechezkal 43:1-27
- Are there any mitzvot in this week’s Parsha?
- How many mitzvot are in this week’s Parsha? Seven
- How many positive commands are there in this week’s Parsha? 4
- How many negative commands are there in this week’s Parsha? 3
The Menorah oil and lighting
- The Jewish people were commanded to bring the oil to Moses or Aaron? Moshe is told to command the Jewish people to bring him the oil.
- What type of oil were we commanded to bring? Clear crushed olive oil
- For what purpose would the oil be used? For illuminating the Ner Tamid [i.e. the Menorah].
- Where is the menorah to be positioned? The Menorah is to be placed in the Ohel Moed, outside the Paroches.
- Who was appointed to light the menorah? Aaron and his sons are to make sure it is lit.
- During what hours was the menorah to be lit? From evening until morning.
- How many people were appointed to become Kohanim and what were their names? Aaron, and his sons Nadav, Avihu, Elazar and Isamar.
The Bigdei Kehuna-Preistly garments
- Why were the garments of the priests made? What was their function? Make for Aaron your brother holy garments for glory.
- Who was appointed to make the garments? Speak with the wise, and they shall make the garments.
- Please list all of the priestly garments:
- Choshen [breastplate]
- Eiphod [apron]
- Meil [robe]
- Kutones of checkered texture. [shirt]
- Mitznefes [turban]
- Avneit [belt]
- How many materials were used to make the priestly garments and what were they? 1) Gold, 2) Ticheiles-Turquoise wool, 3) Argamon-Purple wool, 4) scarlet wool, and 5) twisted linen.
- How many materials were used to make the Eiphod and what were they? The Eifod is to be made from 1) gold, 2) Ticheiles-Turquoise wool, 3) Argamon-Purple wool, 4) scarlet wool, and 5) twisted linen.
- What were the several parts that made up the Eiphod? It is to contain two shoulder straps, one by each end. It is to have a belt.
- Which materials was the belt made of? The belt was made of the same materials stated above.
- What were the Aveni Shoham, and how many were taken and what was inscribed on them? You are to take two Shoham stones and engrave on them the name of the tribes.
- How many names were on each stone and which names were on it? Six on each stone, following their order of birth.
- Where were the stones place? The stones are to be inserted into gold settings. They are to be placed on the shoulder straps of the Eiphod, one per strap.
- Why were the Shoham stones worn; what was their purpose? Aaron is to wear them on his shoulders as a remembrance.
- What were the settings on the Eiphod made off, and what was their function? You shall make gold settings to connect the chains to the settings
- Why were there chains on the Eiphod and what material were they made of and how many? Two gold chains and connect the chains to the settings.
The Choshen Mishpat
- How many materials was the Choshen made of and what were they? The Choshen is to be made from 1) gold, 2) Ticheile-Turquoise wool, 3) Argamon- Purple wool, 4) scarlet wool, and 5) twisted linen.
- What were the dimensions of the Choshen? The Choshen is to be square, folded, a Zeres its length and width.
- How many rows of stones filled the Choshen? It is to be filled with four rows of stones.
- Which stones were in the first row? The first row is to contain the following stones: Odem, Pitdah, and Barekes.
- Which stones were in the second row? The second row: Nofech, Sapir, and Yahalom.
- Which stones were in the third row? The third row: Leshem, Shevo, and Achlamah.
- Which stones were in the fourth row? The fourth row: Tarshish, Shoham, and Yashfeh.
- How were the stones fixated onto the Choshen? The stones are to be placed within gold settings.
- What was written on the stones? They are to have the names of the tribes inscribed on them.
- How many stones were there? One tribe per stone for a total of 12 tribes and stones.
- How was the Choshen attached to the Eiphod? You shall make two gold chains on the Choshen. Make two gold rings, one for each edge of the [upper part of the] Choshen. The gold chains are to be inserted into these rings and are then to be attached to the gold settings of the Eiphod [thus having the Choshen hang on the straps of the Eiphod]. Make another two gold rings for the bottom corners of the Choshen, place them in the interior of the Choshen. Make two rings on the bottom end of the shoulder straps of the Eiphod, symmetric to the bottom rings of the Choshen.
- How many rings were there in total to attach the Choshen to the Eiphod? Six. See above!
- Where were the rings placed? See above!
- How was the Choshen attached to the Eiphod by its bottom using the two sets of rings? Place a Techeiles-Turquoise woolen string through the two sets of rings, hence attaching the Choshen to the Eiphod belt.
- What material was this string made of? Techeiles-Turquoise woolen string.
- Is it permitted to remove the Choshen from the Eiphod? The Choshen is not to be moved from the Eiphod and in the Mishkan
- What was the purpose of the stones with the names on them? Aaron is to carry the names of the tribes over his chest as a remembrance before Hashem
- What was the Urim Vetumim, where was it placed, and what was its function: The Urim and Tumim [G-d’s Divine name] is to be inserted into the Choshen, and Aaron is to carry the judgment of Bnei Yisrael constantly.
- What material was the Meil made from? It was made entirely from Ticheiles-Turquoise wool.
- What form of collar did the Meil contain? A folded collar.
- What prohibition applies to the collar of the Meil? It may not be torn.
- What was found on the hem of the Meil? Its hem is to be surrounded with pomegranates and gold bells.
- From what material were the pomegranates made from? Ticheiles-Turquoise wool, Argamon-Purple wool, and scarlet wool.
- What was the purpose of the Bells? When Aaron walks with it, the bells will make noise, announcing when he enters and exits the Kodesh so that he not die.
- What material was the Tzitz made from? The Tzitz is to be made of pure gold.
- What words were engraved onto the Tzitz? “Kodesh LaHashem.”
- How was the Tzitz attached to the Kohen’s head? It shall be on Aaron’s forehead. It was held together by ATicheiles-Turquoise wool strings.
- What was the function of the Tzitz? It shall bring appeasement for all the sins involving Karbanos of the Jewish people.
The Kutoness, Avneit, turban, and pants
- What material was the Kutoness, Avneit, and turban, made from? The Kutones and turbans are to be made of checkered linen for both Aaron and his sons. The Avneit belt is to be made of embroidery.
- How were the Kohanim to be inaugurated? Aaron and his sons are to be inaugurated for the priesthood through dressing them in the above clothing and pouring on them the anointing oil.
- For what material were the pants made? Linen.
- How long were the pants? From the hips to the thighs.
The inauguration ceremony and procedure
- Which animals were taken for the inauguration procedure and how many were taken? Take one bull, and two rams.
- Were blemished animals valid for the inauguration? Take one bull, and two rams that are unblemished.
- What foods were taken for the inauguration procedure? Take Matzah bread and loaves that are smeared with oil and Matzah wafers smeared with oil.
- What kind of flower was used to make the bread? They are to be made of fine flour.
- How many baskets were the breads placed in? They are all to be placed in one basket.
- Where did the inauguration ceremony take place? You shall take Aaron and his sons to the opening of the Ohel Moed.
- What did Moses do to Aaron and his sons for the inauguration ceremony? He bathed them in water and dressed them.
- Which articles of clothing was Aaron to wear for the ceremony? Aaron is to wear the Kutoness, Meil, Eiphod, Choshen, Mitznefes, and Tzitz.
- Which articles of clothing were the sons of Aaron to wear for the ceremony? The sons are to be dressed in the Kutoness, the Avneit and turbans.
- What was poured over Aaron and his sons? You are to pour the anointing oil over them.
- What did Aaron and his sons do to the bull before it was sacrificed? Have Aaron and his sons lean on its head.
- Where were the bulls slaughtered? You shall bring the bull in front of the Ohel Moed, and it is to be slaughtered there.
- What was done with the blood of the bull? Take from its blood and place it on the corners of the altar using your fingers, and then pour the remaining blood on the base of the altar.
- Which parts of the bull were offered onto the altar? You shall take all the fat that covers the intestine, and the diaphragm which is on the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, and offer it onto the altar.
- What was done with the remaining parts of the bull? The meat of the bull and its waste is to be burnt in a fire outside of the camp.
- What kind of offering was the bull considered? This offering is a Chatas.
- What kind of offering was the first ram considered? An Olah offering to Hashem.
- Did Aaron and his sons lean their hands also on the ram? You shall bring one ram and have Aaron and his sons lean on its head.
- What was done with the blood of the ram? Take from its blood throw it around the altar.
- What was done with the meat and other parts of the ram? The ram is to be dismembered, and have its innards and feet washed, and then have it joined with its head. The entire ram is to be offered on the altar.
- Did the priest lean also on the head of the second ram? Yes. You shall bring the second ram and have Aaron and his sons lean on its head.
- What was done with the blood of the second ram? Take from its blood and place it on the edge of the right ear and right thumb of the hand and toe of Aaron and his sons. The remainder of the blood is to be poured around the altar.
- What was sprinkled onto the body and clothing of the priests? You are to take the blood that was on the altar, and the anointing oil [Shemen Hamishcha], and sprinkle it on Aaron and his sons and their clothing, and they are to be sanctified.
- What was sacrificed onto the altar from the second ram? You are to take the fat, and the tail and all the fat that covers the intestines and the diaphragm of the liver and the two kidneys, and the right thigh.
- What were done with the breads and were they all used for the same purpose? Also, take one of each of the breads from the basket. Place it all together on the palm of Aaron and his sons and waive them before Hashem. Then take the foods off the palm of their hands and offer them before G-d.
- Which portions of the meat of the sacrifice were given to Moshe? Moshe is to take the breast of the ram and waive it before Hashem and it will remain a present to Moshe from Hashem.
- Which portions of the meat of the sacrifice were given to the Kohanim? The breast and right thigh of the ram, as well as of all Karbanos, are to be given to the Kohanim for all generations.
- What garments does the high priest wear for his inauguration and how many days did it last for? The Kohen is to wear the priestly garments for seven days as part of his inauguration [as the high priest].
- What was done with the remaining meat of the second ram and the remaining bread? The meat of the ram is to be cooked in a holy place. The meat, as well as the bread in the basket, is to be eaten by Aaron and his sons and through doing so they will become inaugurated.
- Where did the remaining meat and bread need to be eaten? In front of the Ohel Moed.
- Is the remaining meat and bread permitted to be eaten by a non-priest? A non-Kohen may not eat from it.
- What is to be done with the leftover meat and bread? Any meat and bread that is leftover past the morning, is to be burnt in a fire.
- How many times was the above procedure of inauguration done for and how many days in the last? The above procedure is to be done daily for seven days.
- Which sacrifice had the function of cleansing and purifying the altar? The altar is to be cleansed and atoned by having the Chatas bull offering [described earlier] sacrificed on it for seven days.
- In what sense did the altar become holy? Doing so will make the altar holy, and anything that touches it will contract holiness.
The Tamid offering
- What was the name of the daily sacrificial offering? The Tamid.
- How many offerings are brought daily for the Tamid? two
- Which animal was offered cow, sheep, goat? sheep
- What were the age of the offering? within their first year
- When were these sacrifices offered? One in the morning and the second in the evening.
- What was brought together with this offering? It is to be accompanied with a Mincha offering consisting of fine flour, mixed with crushed oil. Its libation is to be a ¼ of a Hin. This is to be done for all generations.
- How much flour was brought? 1/10th of an Eifa per sheep.
- How much oil was brought? ¼ of a Hin per sheep.
- How much wine was brought? ¼ of a Hin per sheep.
The dwelling of the Shechina on the Mishkan
- Who lived inside of the Mishkan? “I will meet with the Jewish people by the Ohel Moed and be sanctified there through my honor. I will dwell amongst the Jewish people and be for them a G-d, and they will know that I am the G-d who took them out of Egypt in order to dwell with them.”
The gold altar for incense
- What was the purpose of the gold altar? You shall make an altar for the incense offering.
- What material was it made of? It is to be made of acacia-shittim wood.
- What were its dimensions? It is to be made into a square, its length being one Amah, and its width also one Amah.
- How tall was it? It is to be two Amos high.
- Did it have horns like the copper altar? It is to contain horns
- How many horns did it have? One on each of its four corners.
- What material was altar covered with? The horns, as well as the entire altar, is to be covered in gold.
- What else did the altar have? It is to have a gold crown surrounding it. Make for it gold rings beneath its crown, one on each corner.
- How many rings did it contain and what was their purpose? Two. These rings will serve to hold the poles with which the altar will be carried.
- What material of the poles made of and what were they covered with? You shall make poles of acacia-shittim wood which are covered with gold.
- Where in the temple was the gold altar positioned? The altar is to be placed in front of the Paroches that is by the Aron.
- How often were the incense offered and by whom? Aaron is to offer incense on it daily each morning when the lamps are cleaned, and every afternoon when the lamps are kindled.
- Were other things other than incense offered onto the altar? One may not offer on it a foreign incense or an Olah or Mincha or wine libation.
- What was the one annual exception in which something other than incense was placed on the altar? Aaron will atone on it once a year from the blood of the Chatas offering.
- How holy is the altar considered by Scripture? The altar is a holy of holies to Hashem.