Saying Kiddush Levana with a minyan

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Saying Kiddush Levana with a Minyan:

It is permitted to say Kiddush Levana in private.[1] Nevertheless initially one is to strive to say it together with a Minyan, as the King is more beautified when his commands are performed in a public forum.[2] Likewise saying it with a Minyan allows Kaddish to be recited after the conclusion of Kiddush Levana.[3]

In a group of three:[4] If one is unable to recite it with a Minyan one should strive to recite it with at least two other people, for a total of a group of three.[5]



Should one delay saying Kiddush Levana until he has a Minyan available?

Some Poskim[6] rule one is to delay reciting Kiddush Levana without a Minyan if he knows he will have a Minyan later on, prior to the 11th of the month.[7]

Other Poskim[8] however rule if one has a group of three, it is better to say Kiddush Levana at that time rather than delay it until a Minyan is available on a later night, even if the Minyan will be available prior to the 11th.[9]

Other Poskim[10] rule one is not to delay Kiddush Levana at all simply to be able to say it with a Minyan.[11]


[1] Peri Chadash 426 brought in Kaf Hachaim 426/13; Biur Halacha 426 “Ela”

[2] Lit. “Berov Am, Hadras Melech”; Kaf Hachaim ibid; Biur Halacha ibid

[3] Kaf Hachaim ibid

[4] Chayeh Adam 68; Kaf Hachaim ibid; Biur Halacha ibid

[5] As a group of three people is considered partially similar to a public forum, as is the law by Halel that if it could not be said with a Minyan it is to be said with three people. [Rama 422/2]

[6] Ashel Avraham Butchacher 426/2

[7] As is the law regarding delaying Kiddush Levana until Motzei Shabbos

[8] 426 Biur Halacha “Ela”

[9] As three people is also considered a public forum, as stated above. This especially applies in the winter rainy months. [ibid]

[10] Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 97/9; Chayeh Adam 118/14 regarding Motzei Shabbos; Kaf Hachaim 426/23

[11] As the Mitzvah of “Zerizin Makdimim” overrides the Mitzvah of “Bero Am” [ibid]

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