Parshas Hachodesh

Parshas Hachodesh:

When: When [the second day of[1]] Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Shabbos, Parshas Hachodesh is read on the fifth Shabbos in Adar which is the 29th of Adar.[2] When [the second day of] Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Monday or Wednesday, Parshas Hachodesh is read on the fourth Shabbos of Adar. When Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Friday, Parshas Hachodesh is not read in the month of Adar but rather on Shabbos the 1st of Nissan. As a rule, in all cases Parshas Hachodesh is read the Shabbos following Parshas Parah.[3]

Which portion is read:[4] The portion read is from “Vayomer Hashem…Hachodesh Hazeh Lachem”[5] until the words “Bechol Moshvoseichem Tochlu Matzos.”[6] The Haftorah of Hachodesh is read from Yichezkel[7] from the words “Ko Amar Ado-nuy Hashem Barishon Lachodesh..” until the words “Baboker Olas Tamid”.[8]

How many Torah scrolls are removed and what is the order of the reading:[9] When Rosh Chodesh does not fall on Shabbos Hachodesh two scrolls are removed from the ark. From the first scroll the weekly Torah portion is read until the seventh Aliyah. The second scroll is then placed on the Bima which is followed by half Kaddish. [The Mi Shebeirach for the ill is recited after Hagba.] Hagba is then done to the first scroll. One may not open the second scroll until the first scroll is rolled up [and placed in its Meil[10]].[11] For Maftir the portion of Hachodesh is read from the second scroll. [On Shabbos Mevarchim the Chazan for Musaf takes the scroll of Maftir to hold.[12]]


What is the law if one began reading the wrong Haftorah?[13]

If one mistakenly read the wrong Haftorah, such as the Haftorah of Rosh Chodesh or of the Parsha, then he is to read the correct Haftorah. If one only remembered after the blessings, then he is to read the Haftorah without its blessings.



[1] Levush brought in Kaf Hachaim 685:26

[2] 685:4

[3] Rambam Hilchos Tefila 13:21; Kaf Hachaim 685:19

The reason: In truth the Parsha of Hachodesh should have been read before Parshas Parah, as the Mitzvah of Hachodesh was given beforehand. Therefore, it is not proper to make an interval between the two Parshiyos. [Ran brought in Kaf Hachaim ibid] Regarding why in truth we read Parshas Parah before Hachodesh, this is because it discusses the purification of the Jewish people and thus is given precedence. [Rashi Megillah 29a]

[4] 685:4

[5] Bo Chapter 12 verse 1

[6] Chapter 12 verse 20

[7] Chapter 45 verse 18

Custom of the Rebbe: The Rebbe would begin the Haftorah from verse 16 “Kol Haam Haaretz Yihyu”. This custom however is not meant as a public directive. [Rishimos Hayoman p. 415]

[8] Chapter 46 verse 15

[9] Mishneh Berurah 685:9 and 12

[10] Orchos Chaim ibid; Kol Bo ibid; Mateh Moshe ibid; Elya Raba 139:9; M”B ibid; Kaf Hachaim 147:42

[11] Michaber 147:8; Mordechai end of Halachos Ketanos in name of Maharam Merothenberg; Tashbeitz 187 in name of Mahram; Orchos Chaim Hilchos Kerias Sefer Torah 54; Kol Bo 20; Mateh Moshe 254; Elya Raba 147:9; M”B 147:25; Kaf Hachaim 147:42; Ketzos Hashulchan 84:2; Halacha Berurah [Yosef] Vol. 2 p. 295

[12] See Shaar Efraim 10:41; Piskeiy Teshuvah 150:4

[13] Luach Kolel Chabad Noach; Hiskashrus 1078; See Dvar Moshe 25:3; Shaareiy Efraim 9:19; Kaf Hachaim 425:18; Ketzos Hashulchan 88:5; Ashel Avraham, in name of Devar Moshe brought in Otzer Hamifarshim 425; Kaf Hachaim 423:9

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